As the “World Health Organization“ or WHO has declared the Coronavirus as an international emergency, everyone must know some basics of Coronavirus. Today, we will explain certain myths and facts about Coronavirus that have spread worldwide.
Necessary Information about the novel (new) Coronavirus
According to the WHO (World Health Organization), Coronaviruses are a big family of viruses that lead to illness ranging from the cold to severe medical conditions such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome.
They are zoonotic, which means they transmitted between people and animals. Detailed investigations have found that MERS-CoV (middle east respiratory syndrome) from dromedary camels to human and SARS-CoV (severe acute respiratory syndrome) transmitted from civet cats to humans.
Novel Coronavirus is a new strain (new version) of Coronaviruses that has not previously identified in humans. This new Coronavirus virus was first detected in Wuhan city Hubei Province, China, and which has now been recognized in 32 locations internationally, including the United States. The Virus has identified as SARS-CoV-2, and the condition it causes has named”Coronavirus disease 2019″.
What is Coronavirus?
Technically, this version or strain of the Coronavirus – known as COVID-19 or 2019-nCoV – is new to humans, although it previously lived in animals. Remember outbreaks of SARS and MERS? Those were also a version of Coronavirus. They, too, had once lived in animals and then jumped to humans. Apart from novel Coronavirus, other less dangerous strains of such viruses, exists worldwide and causes certain medical conditions like common colds. They create the familiar onslaught of respiratory infection symptoms, including headaches, runny nose, fever, cough, and sore throat.
Similarities between COVID-19 and flu or Influenza
As the new coronavirus outbreak continues to evolve, comparisons have been drawn to Influenza. Both health conditions cause respiratory disease, yet there are some significant differences between the two viruses and their spread. This has crucial implications for the public health measures that can be used to respond to each Virus.
How are Influenza and COVID-19 viruses similar?
Initially, influenza and COVID-19 viruses have a similar disease presentation. They both lead to respiratory disease, which presents a wide range of medical conditions from asymptomatic or mild through severe illness and death.
Secondly, both viruses are transmitted by droplets, contact, and fomites. As a result, the same public health measures, including proper respiratory etiquette (coughing into a tissue and immediately disposing of the fabric or coughing into your elbow), are crucial actions to prevent infection.
Novel Coronavirus Symptoms
Myth: If a child is sniffling. It’s probably the Coronavirus.
Fact: No, sniffling doesn’t mean a child has the novel (new) Coronavirus. Only five cases have confirmed all over the United States. If someone has traveled to Wuhan or other areas in central China recently. He or she should call a doctor if having cold symptoms, fever, shortness of breath and coughing, etc. if someone goes to his doctor’s office or the emergency room, he should call ahead and wear a face mask when he entered. Coronavirus signs and symptoms can show up anywhere from 2 to 14 days after an individual exposed to the Virus.
Myth: You can spread Novel Coronavirus if you don’t have symptoms.
Fact: Initially, investigators thought only patients with symptoms of the Coronavirus could spread it to others. Recently, a report from China suggests that such a Virus may spread before symptoms show. And if true, this Virus could be quite different from SARS, where the transmission does not occur until an individual has the symptoms. The CDC is tracking close contacts of peoples with Coronavirus very closely. They have found no clear evidence thus far of individuals being infectious before the onset of symptoms. Today, we don’t have enough Information to say that someone can pass such Virus on before they show signs of infection themselves.
How to Avoid Getting Infected
Myth: If I had a flu shot, I am vaccinated against the
Fact: We don’t have any vaccine to protect against this version of the Coronavirus. Even if someone had a flu shot, he could get this infection. However, the study is ongoing to develop a vaccine that could test as soon as later.
Myth: You must wear a face mask to stay safe.
Fact: Currently, health officials or medical experts do not recommend everyone in central Virginia start wearing face masks. But it should take some cautions to stay away from this Virus. Washing your hands and nails is always a good idea, however!
Myth: I will need to take extra precautions to avoid catching the
Fact: According to the official alerts, follow the right hygiene habits you use to avoid catching a cold.
- Stay home when you’re sick.
- Use hand sanitizer.
- Avoid touching your nose, eyes, or mouth with unwashed hands.
- Wash your hands, especially after sneezing, coughing, cooking, eating, touching animals, and providing healthcare.
- Clean handrails, doorknobs and toys.
What Happens if You Get Sick?
Myth: If you’re pretty healthy, with no underlying conditions or diseases, you don’t need to worry about the Coronavirus.
Fact: Researchers don’t have all the answers to questions associated with this strain of the Coronavirus yet. While most of the peoples who have died had underlying health problems, some people didn’t. Till now, no antiviral treatment exists to cure this strain of the Coronavirus, although supportive care does help.
Myth: If you get the novel Coronavirus, you die.
Fact: No, however, COVID-19 is a deadly virus and has killed thousands of people worldwide, but millions of people have defeated this Virus successfully.
If you follow some necessary measures and instructions by a health expert, you will defeat this Virus.
Myth: Spraying alcohol or chlorine on the skin kills Virus in the body
Applying chlorine or drink to the body can cause harm, especially if it enters the mouth or eyes. Although you can use such chemicals to disinfect surfaces, do not clean the skin. Alcohol or chlorine cannot kill viruses within the body.
Myth: Only adults and young people are at risk
Fact: Just like other viruses, COVID-19 can infect people of any age. However, adults and older people with preexisting health conditions like asthma or diabetes are most likely to become severely ill.